By Jesse Cannone
Author of "Lose the Back Pain"
If you're reading this article, it's a good bet that you have a radiating pain running down the back of your leg that just won't go away. If what I'm about to tell you sounds familiar, don't worry, help is on the way.
Sciatica and Piriformis Syndrome are the same condition.
It is just that the medical community is starting to call the condition by the muscle (Piriformis) that is involved and getting away from calling it by the name of the nerve that is involved (sciatic)...nothing more than semantics.
Did you go see your primary care physician and get a diagnosis of Sciatica only to have them refer you to an orthopedic specialist and then get a diagnosis of Piriformis Syndrome...and than be told to see a Physical Therapist and the PT tells you a little heat, ultra sound, electrical stimulation and some therapeutic exercises and we will have you good as new???
If this is the path you have been down and you're tired of all the worthless treatments that just don't work, you must read this article! I guarantee you, it will likely be far different than what you have read or heard anywhere else!
First, let me tell you why today's traditional treatment methods just flat out miss the boat. The medical community is so conditioned and focused on treating only the symptoms and trying to get in as many patients a day as possible, that many people are misdiagnosed and/or mistreated.
Sciatic pain is simply caused by pressure being placed on the sciatic nerve and there are primarily four things that can create this...you may have one or more of the following:
1. Pressure caused by shortening and tightening of the piriformis muscle. This is almost always due to months or years of muscle imbalances in the hip rotator muscles.
2. Pressure caused by spinal stenosis, which is a decrease in the space between the vertebrae. This is primarily caused by uneven pressure and compression due to muscle imbalances.
3. Pressure caused by Isthmic spondylolisthesis which is simply when a vertebrae slips or moves...this can sometimes pinch the sciatic nerve but often times people who have this condition don't have any pain, symptoms, or even know they have it!
4. Pressure caused by a herniated or bulging disc. A herniation is when a disc protrudes out from between the vertebrae and this can either be caused by an event like a car accident, or, by months or years of uneven pressure due to muscle imbalances. It is also important to note that many people with herniated discs don't even experience pain or symptoms, and many don't know they have the condition.
As you can see, there is a trend here... in nearly every case, muscle imbalances are the primary cause of the pressure being placed on the sciatic nerve.
If you are not sure which one of the four is causing your sciatic pain, I recommend you start with the basics. Most cases of sciatic pain are caused by muscle imbalances so if you begin to work on correcting any muscle imbalances you have, you should start to see improvement right away.
There are several self assessments you can perform to help identify which specific muscle imbalances you have and these are covered in our "Lose the Back Pain" video along with step-by-step instructions on what to do to eliminate your imbalances and pain.
Sciatic pain comes about either due to a traumatic event, muscle imbalances, or a combination of both.
"The event" scenario is most likely the catalyst for sudden onset of sciatic pain. So what happens is this...when there is undue stress on the Piriformis muscle, that stress causes it to go into spasm and then you have pain due to the Piriformis muscle putting pressure on the sciatic nerve.
In most cases, people go to physical therapy or minimize their physical activity to break the pain - spasm cycle and in most cases the symptoms subside. However, the event will also set you up for a lifetime of sciatic pain if the Piriformis muscle does not recover 100% in both strength and flexibility.
When you have an injury to a muscle, both strength and flexibility are compromised, and if your recovery ends before strength and flexibility return, you will never be 100% and will likely struggle with the problem forever.
The other way sciatic pain creeps into your life is due to your lifestyle and habits, and that is what we like to call "the process."
The process can be described as a prolonged onset of symptoms based on your everyday activities.
However, from a technical standpoint, the process really describes the development of the muscle imbalance in your hip. The Piriformis muscle is responsible for external rotation (moving your leg so your feet point outward). So over time that muscle gets tight from the positions you put yourself in and weakens from lack of use.
Let me give you some examples of what I mean:
1. If you sit on the edge of your chair with you legs separated and your feet pointing outward you are keeping your Piriformis muscle in a shortened position and that's how it gets tight. With extended sitting in that position, it gets weak from lack of use. Hence the imbalance.
2. Runners and bikers who work very hard tend to get sciatica because they fail to keep a strength vs. stretch balance in their workouts. Hence the imbalance creates a greater pull toward external rotation and the result is a tight Piriformis and an irritated sciatic nerve creating pain.
These are just two examples of how muscle imbalances can affect the Piriformis muscle and cause Sciatic pain. You may not be a runner or cyclist but I'll bet you have muscle imbalances that are causing your sciatic pain!
Sciatic Pain Recovery Tip:
In severe cases, the sciatic pain can run from the top of the hip to the bottom of the foot. It is very important to recognize that changes and shifting of pain is often times a sign of improvement. Furthermore as a way of gauging recovery, take note of how far down the leg the pain goes.
If the pain goes to the foot one day and then only makes it to the calf and then to the knee and then it can only make it to the hamstring that is a sign of improvement. You should feel good about those noticeable improvements and this should give you encouragement to keep working toward a full remission of pain.
How Do You Get Rid of Sciatic Pain?
So how do you get rid of your pain? Will learning one new stretch be enough?
It very well may be. However depending on the severity of your condition you may need to change your activities of daily living to include new stretches, new exercises that include the use of the hip rotators like roller-blading, basketball, tennis, etc, and even better, corrective exercise specific to your situation...like those covered in our video.
As always, learn as much as you can about your condition so that you can ask the tough questions of your healthcare providers and get the best care possible.
One last point, sciatic pain is not caused by a lack of prescription medications. So, don't think that taking anti-inflammatories or muscle relaxants will fix it...it won't! Also, many people are able to eliminate sciatic pain within days just by performing a few exercises and stretches (the exact corrective exercises and stretches they need to do).
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