The Seated Dumbbell Shoulder Press exercise develops the entire shoulder muscle group.
The dumbbells allow for a greater freedom of movement than the Barbell Shoulder Press.
How to Do The Seated Dumbbell Shoulder Press:
These are done using an adjustable incline bench set to just under 90 degrees.
Using two dumbbells, with a palms forward grip and starting with the dumbbells at shoulder level, press them up overhead in an arc.
Do not crack them together at the top and do not lock your elbows out (this will keep tension on the delts). Lower slowly and repeat.
Here are some tips for optimizing your form for the Dumbbell Shoulder Press...
Tip #1 - Lighten Up The Weight
Get a pair of dumbbells that are about 25% lighter than what you normally use for a set of 8 to 10 reps.
It's easier to shorten the range of motion and try to use as much weight as you can in an effort to to load the shoulders.
That reasoning, unfortunately, doesn't hold up when it comes to shoulder MUSCLE development. The deltoids don't respond well to that kind of training. Like the biceps, they respond best to tight form and more moderate weights.
I know this speaking from experience...my shoulders are one my toughest bodyparts to develop and build strength in. When I step back the weight and focus on form, I always get better results.
Tip #2 - Use a Preacher Bench
Get yourself to the Preacher Bench. You're going to use THAT instead of the normal shoulder press bench that has a vertical back. Set the pad of the preacher bench so that it contacts you in the mid-back area when you sit on the bench facing away from the pad. This is going to be your back support.
I find this works MUCH better than using a vertical back bench because this gives you lower back support where and when you need it. It allows for a more natural spinal position during the movement, which will automatically help you perform the exercise better.
If you don't have a Preacher bench, there are ways around it (such bracing back against a bar set in the power rack and up against the rack uprights).
Tip #3 - Getting the Dumbbells Into Position
To get the dumbbells into position for the press, there are a few ways to do it. I find for me, the best way is to start with the dumbbells on the floor in front of the bench, lean forward and grab both, coming up off the seat.
Then in one powerful movement, I pull the dumbbells off the floor and up and back into the bottom position of the press.
When you get the dumbbells up and into position, make sure you have a slight arch in your lower back and your core is tight. This is the best position for your lower back to be in as it means the lumbar muscles are tight and engaged and able to protect your lower back.
Tip #4 - Dig Your Heels In
Keep your core tight and actively dig your feet/heels into the floor and push your hips backwards using power from the legs. This helps engage the core and solidify your base of support.
If your legs aren't locked in, you will be losing power and core stability so keep that tension on at all times and DO NOT flail your feet around in attempt to fight a hard rep - it won't work.
Full range of motion in the dumbbell shoulder press is with the dumbbells touching the shoulders (not resting, touching). The reason most people don't like to go down this far is that it's hard...which means they can't use as much weight to impress other people at the gym.
You can always tell how serious people are about shoulder development by the range of motion they use on dumbbell shoulder presses.
Tip #5 - Range of Motion
This is the BIGGEST single error people make on the dumbbell shoulder press...short range of motion.
If your range motion starts here...
...you will NEVER achieve the shoulder development you want. Your triceps will get bigger and stronger but your shoulders, not so much.
That is a picture of the HALFWAY point of the range of motion of the Dumbbell Shoulder Press and should NOT be your start position.
Tip #6 - Tilt The Dumbbells Down and In
Imagine as though the dumbbells are pitchers and you're pouring water on your head, especially as you come to the top of the movement. This will help keep tension on the deltoids.
Tip #7 - Don't Bang The Dumbbells Together
This will immediately take tension of the shoulder muscles and put it on the shoulder joints. Also, it's annoying. If you want to draw attention to yourself, just scream really loud.
Tip #8 - Meet The Dumbbells on the Way Down
This is one is a KEY tip to maximizing the tension on the shoulders. As you're lowering the dumbbells, imagine as though you're trying to get your shoulders to meet the dumbbells as they're coming down.
You can also accomplish this by breathing IN deeply and puffing your chest out to meet the dumbbells as well.
This helps keep tension on the shoulder muscles during the negative phase of the movement when the body's tendency is to take the tension on the triceps.
It's similar to a shrug...and it's important that you do this only on the way DOWN, not on the way up. If you do it on the way up, you actually take tension off the shoulders and put more on the traps and triceps.
Once the dumbbells get to the bottom, then let your shoulders come down from the shrug. At that point, you'll be starting from a dead stop, delts under tension.
Tip #9 - Breathing
Hold your breath briefly at the bottom, to maximize core stability. As you pass the sticking point, then you can exhale. Breathe in on the way down, puffing out the chest and bringing the shoulders up to meet the dumbbells.
Put all the these tips together into your next set of dumbbell shoulder presses and I guarantee you will get more out of them than you ever have previously.
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