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The Anatomy of the Calf Muscles - Gastrocnemius and Soleus


 

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Have a look at some of the articles published in previous issues of BetterU News...

Full-Range Calf Raises - A Bodyweight Exercise That Will Torch Your Calves!

5 Groundbreaking Calf Training Tips For Maximum Results

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Anatomy of the Calf Muscles

Home -> Muscular Anatomy -> Calf Anatomy


The Anatomy of the Muscles of the Calves The Anatomy of the Muscles of the Calves
Anatomy Chart courtesy of FCIT

The Gastrocnemius is the calf muscle that is visible from the outside of the body. It attaches to the heel with the Achilles Tendon and originates behind the knee on the femur, crossing two joints.

The Gastrocnemius has two heads: the medial and the lateral. When fully developed, these two heads appear to form a diamond shape.

The Soleus is not visible when looking at the body from the outside as it lies underneath the Gastrocnemius on the rear of the lower leg.

The Soleus is most active when doing calf exercises where the knee is bent, such as seated calf raises.




Functions

The function of the Gastrocnemius is to elevate the heel (known as plantar flexion).

The function is the Soleus is exactly the same as the Gastrocnemius: to raise the heel. The only difference is that it works in a different position: with the knee bent.




Exercises

Exercises that work the Gastrocnemius and Soleus include:

  • Standing calf raises - (Gastrocnemius)
  • Seated calf raises - (Soleus)
  • Donkey calf raises - (Gastrocnemius)


Related Links
Overhead Calf Raises
Seated calf raises on the lying leg curl machine
Secret Training Tip #444 - Full-Range Calf Raises
5 Groundbreaking Calf Training Tips
Your Keys To Rock-Solid Ankle Stability, Explosive Sports Performance and Incredible Balance!



 

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